190 Visa – Skilled Nominated Visa

April 24, 2024
Iain MacLeod

The Skilled Nominated visa, also known as the Subclass 190 visa, is an Australian permanent residency pathway for qualified workers. It permits individuals who possess specific skills that are in demand to live and work in Australia. To qualify for this visa, applicants must be nominated by an Australian state or territory government. The nomination process involves satisfying a points-based assessment, with a minimum score of 65 points being required. Points are awarded based on factors including age, English language proficiency, skilled employment experience, and educational qualifications.

Once nominated, applicants can enjoy the benefits of permanent residency in Australia which includes the ability to work, study, and enrol in Medicare, Australia’s public healthcare scheme. Their family members are also eligible to be included in the application. The visa holders must commit to living and working in the region that nominates them for a specified period, thus contributing to the local economy and community.

A variety of professions are eligible for the 190 Visa, each dictated by the particular needs of the nominating state or territory. These needs are reflected in occupation lists that are regularly updated to respond to the changing skill requirements within the Australian labor market. A thorough understanding of the application process, eligibility criteria, and the obligations of living as a 190 visa holder is imperative for potential applicants looking to embark on a new life in Australia.

Migrate to Australia

Our immigration lawyers and registered migration agents in Melbourne will be able to find you the best visa for your unique situation. You’ll be in good hands.

190 Visa Summary

Stay Permanently
Cost From AUD 4,640.00
Processing Times Use the visa processing time guide tool for an indication of processing times.
With this visa, you can – Work and study anywhere in Australia
– Sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
– If eligible, become an Australian citizen
Conditions See all conditions
Check your eligibility Check your eligibility
You must – Have an occupation on the relevant skilled list
– Have a suitable skills assessment for the occupation
– Be invited to apply for this visa
– Satisfy the points test

190 Visa Skilled Nominated Visa Eligibility Requirements

When applying for the Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190), applicants must meet a range of specific eligibility criteria. This section provides an overview of the key requirements such as age, language proficiency, and occupational qualifications required for a successful visa application.

Age and Points Score

Applicants must be under the age of 45 to apply for the subclass 190 visa. They must also score a minimum number of points on the Points Test, which assesses factors like age, work experience, and educational qualifications. The more experience and higher qualifications one has, typically, the higher their points score will be.

Points Breakdown based on work experience:

  • Less than 3 years: 5 points
  • 3 to 5 years: 10 points
  • 5 to 8 years: 15 points
  • 8 years or more: 20 points

Additional points may be acquired if the applicant’s partner meets certain criteria, such as having a competent level of English or being skilled in a nominated occupation.

English Language Proficiency

All applicants must show they have at least a competent level of English. This is usually demonstrated through an approved English language test like IELTS, OET, TOEFL iBT, PTE Academic, or Cambridge English: Advanced.

Skills Assessment and Occupation Lists

It is mandatory for applicants to have their skills assessed by an authorised assessing authority. The occupation should be listed on either the relevant medium and long-term strategic skills list, or the short-term skilled occupation list, demonstrating it is in demand in Australia. The skills assessment must confirm that the applicant has the qualifications and skills to work in their nominated occupation.

Health and Character Requirements

Applicants must meet certain health and character standards. They are required to undergo health examinations to prove they are in good health and not a burden to the Australian health care system. They must also have a clean criminal record, evidenced by police certificates, to satisfy character requirements.

190 visa australia

190 Visa Application Process

The application process for the Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190) entails a sequence of steps starting from interest expression to the final visa application submission. Applicants must prepare relevant documents, navigate through SkillSelect, and understand the various stages outlined by the Department of Home Affairs to apply.

Expression of Interest (EOI)

The first step for an applicant is to submit an Expression of Interest through the SkillSelect online service. This process requires them to detail their skills, qualifications and work experience. Applicants must ensure their information is accurate and up-to-date, as this information will be used to assess their eligibility for a visa invitation.

Receiving an Invitation to Apply

Following the EOI submission, applicants wait for an Invitation to Apply (ITA). Only candidates who score sufficiently in the points-based assessment and meet the subclass 190 visa criteria will receive this invitation. It is crucial to note that an invitation does not guarantee visa approval; it merely allows the applicant to proceed to the next step.

Visa Application Submission

Once invited, applicants move forward to submitting their visa application. This step must be completed online, and they should include all required documents to support their claims made in the EOI. Documentation proving work experience, skills assessment, language ability, and other criteria must be valid and presented accurately. The Department of Home Affairs oversees the processing of the visa application, which concludes the formal application process.

190 Visa - Skilled Nominated Visa application

Nominating States and Territories

Each Australian state and territory government runs its own State Nomination program for the Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190). This program allows each region to address its specific labour market needs by nominating skilled workers in occupations that are in shortage within their jurisdiction.

Victoria, for instance, utilises the Registration of Interest (ROI) system and the Live in Melbourne Portal for candidates to express their interest in state nomination. Prospective nominees must showcase their ability to contribute to Victoria’s economy and are often required to have job offers in their nominated occupation within the state.

Here are the current nomination statuses for selected states:

  • New South Wales (NSW): Offers nominations for a diverse range of occupations, balancing between the needs of Sydney and regional areas.
  • Tasmania: Has a unique set of criteria focusing on the connection to the state through employment or study.
  • Western Australia: Prioritises applicants with experience and skills that align with the state’s labour needs.

State Nomination requires applicants to commit to live and work in the nominating state for a specified period, contributing to the local labour market and economy. Each state has tailored guidelines that must be met for an applicant to be nominated.

The specific process and criteria may differ between states, but typically involve:

  1. Submitting an Expression of Interest (EOI) through the national SkillSelect system.
  2. Applying for state nomination directly with the respective state government, if required.
  3. Providing evidence of career prospects, ability to settle, and the intention to reside within nominating state.

It is vital for applicants to review each state’s nomination requirements and occupation lists before applying, as these can change frequently in response to economic shifts and policy changes.

190 Visa Cost and Processing Times

This section provides an in-depth look at the financial requirements and expected timeframes for processing the Subclass 190 visa, shedding light on both the expenditure involved and the duration applicants might anticipate.

Cost of 190 Visa

For the Subclass 190 visa, applicants are subject to several fees which are pivotal to factor into their budgeting. The primary application fee is one component, and additional charges for family members, subsequent entrants, and other services may apply.

  • Primary Applicant Fee: A base cost is charged for the main visa application.
  • Additional Applicant Fee (18 and over): Adults accompanying the main applicant are subject to this fee.
  • Additional Applicant Fee (Under 18): This fee applies to children under 18 accompanying the main applicant.

It is also essential for applicants to consider associated costs such as health examinations, police certificates, and English language tests, which are not covered by the visa application fees.

190 Visa application cost

190 Visa Expected Visa Processing Timeframes

Visa processing times for the Subclass 190 can vary due to individual circumstances, the completeness of the application, and the number of applications received. The following are the latest reported timeframes for processing these visas:

  • 25% of applications: Processed within approximately 63 days.
  • 50% of applications: Taking around 78 days to 10 months to process.
  • 75% of applications: May take up to 4 months.
  • 90% of applications: Can extend to 8 to 12 months.

These timeframes reflect the latest available data and are subject to change. It is also noteworthy that applications are processed on a case-by-case basis, with priority given to those in certain healthcare or teaching occupations, or for those who will work in designated regional areas. Applicants should regularly check for updates with the relevant immigration authorities to get the most current information.

Rights and Obligations

Holding a Skilled Nominated visa (subclass 190) comes with a set of rights and responsibilities. Visa holders are expected to uphold the conditions of their visa while enjoying various privileges that come with permanent residency in Australia.

Work and Study Rights

Subclass 190 visa holders are entitled to live, work, and study in Australia indefinitely as permanent residents. They have the freedom to work in any occupation and for any employer in line with the visa’s conditions. In terms of study, they can enrol in educational courses at different levels, ranging from schools to tertiary institutions.

Travel to and from Australia

Individuals on a subclass 190 visa can travel to and from Australia frequently within the first five years of visa approval. After five years, if the holder wishes to continually exit and re-enter Australia as a permanent resident, they will need to obtain a Resident Return visa (RRV).

Pathways to Australian Citizenship

Subclass 190 visa holders may be eligible for Australian citizenship, provided that they have lived in Australia for at least four years, including one year as a permanent resident. During this period, applicants must not have been absent from Australia for more than one year in total, with no more than 90 days during the year immediately before applying.

Medicare is also accessible to subclass 190 visa holders, allowing them to benefit from the country’s comprehensive healthcare system. As permanent residents, they are entitled to these services soon after their visa is granted.

Migrate to Australia

Our immigration lawyers and registered migration agents in Melbourne will be able to find you the best visa for your unique situation. You’ll be in good hands.

Including Family Members in the 190 Visa

When applying for a Skilled Nominated visa (Subclass 190) in Australia, applicants have the possibility to include certain family members in their application.

Eligible Family Members:

  • Partner: This includes a spouse or de facto partner, which can be of the same or opposite sex. The relationship must be proven to be genuine and continuing.
  • Dependent Child: Applicants can include their own children or step-children, provided they meet the definition of being dependent.

Including family members in the visa application allows them to benefit from the same visa status as the primary applicant. However, it is vital for the primary applicant to ensure that their visa permits subsequent entrants and whether the family members were previously declared.

Visa Application Process for Family Members:

  • Identification: Determine if family inclusion is intended to be temporary or permanent.
  • Verification: Confirm if the primary visa allows adding subsequent entrants.
  • Application: If the primary visa does not permit subsequent entrants, family members must apply based on their own intentions.

Additional Costs:

  • The primary applicant is subject to an application fee, which as of the last update was AUD 4,240.
  • Additional charges apply for each family member included.
  • Other expenses, such as health examinations, may also be incurred.

Accurate documentation and meeting the eligibility criteria are crucial steps for the successful inclusion of family members on a Subclass 190 visa application. Applicants should thoroughly review the visa requirements and seek up-to-date guidance as regulations and fees are subject to change.

Speak to our Registered Migration Agents in Melbourne to arrange a consultation.

Learn more about other Australian work visas in the following guides: 482 Visa, 476 Visa, 190 Visa, 186 Visa, 400 Visa

iain macleod immagine immigration


Iain MacLeod

Iain has been working as an Immigration Adviser since 1988 and has been running his own practice since 1990. In 1998 he merged his practice with Myer Lipschitz leading to the creation of Protea Pacific Limited which was rebranded in 2008 to IMMagine New Zealand Limited...

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